cost

作者:cost 来源:未知 2021-10-11 02:36   阅读:

n.代价,价值,费用vi.花费vt.使失去,值,使花费【经】原价,成本,费用相关词组:atthecostofcostsbdearcountthec

n. 代价, 价值, 费用
vi. 花费
vt. 使失去, 值, 使花费
【经】 原价, 成本, 费用
相关词组:
at the cost of
cost sb dear
count the cost
to one's cost形容词:costless 名词:cost-lessness 动词过去式:cost 过去分词:cost 现在分词:costing 第三人称单数:costs 
charge, price, fee, fare, cost, expense
这些名词均有“价格,费用”之意。
charge: 指提供服务时索取的费用,也指货物的价格、价钱。
price: 指商品在市场出售的价格,尤指卖方对商品所提出的单价。比喻意义指付出的代价。
fee: 指上学、求医以及找律师等付的费用,还可指会费、借书费等。
fare: 侧重指旅行时所付的车、船费等费用。
cost: 指生产某东西的成本,也泛指商品的价格,可与price换用。
expense: 常指实际支付的费用总数额,有时也指钱的花费。
cost, expend, spend, take, pay
这些动词均含“花费”之意。
cost: 指花费时间、金钱、劳力等。其主语是物,而不能由人充当,也不用被动形式。
expend: 较正式用词,通常指为某一专门目的而花费大量金钱、时间或精力。
spend: 普通用词,与cost基本同义,但主语必须是人。
take: 普通用词,指需要占用空间、时间或精力等,其主语可以是人,也可以是一件事情。
pay: “付款、给……报酬”,它可作及物动词也可作不及物动词。pay常用于以下几种句型:①sb.pay(s)sb.money意为“某人付款给另一个人或某人给另一个人多少报酬”。
  • he pays me fifty yuan a week.
    他每周给我五十元的报酬。
②pay for sth.意为“付……款、给……报酬”。
  • he has paid for the meal.
    他已付了那顿饭的钱。
③pay money for sth.意为“花多少钱买某物”。
  • my father paid 40 pounds for the desk.
    我父亲花了40英磅买了这张书桌。

名词 cost:

  1. the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor
  2. the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold)
    同义词:monetary value, price
  3. value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something
    同义词:price, toll

动词 cost:

  1. be priced at
    同义词:be
  2. require to lose, suffer, or sacrifice
  1. Dangerous driving could cost you your life.
    开车不注意安全有生命危险。
  2. Her irresponsible behaviour cost her father many sleepless nights.
    她那不负责任的行为使她父亲许多夜不得安眠。
  3. Your crime will cost you your life.
    你的罪行将使你失去生命。
  4. He saved his daughter from the fire but at the cost of his own life.
    他牺牲了生命,把女儿从大火中救出来。

cost

n.(名词)
An amount paid or required in payment for a purchase; a price.
费用:为购买而付出的或要求的数量;价格
The expenditure of something, such as time or labor, necessary for the attainment of a goal.See Synonyms at price
成本:某物的花费,例如时间或劳动,是为达到某一目的而必需的参见 price
costs Law The charges fixed for litigation, often payable by the losing party.
costs 【法律】 诉讼费:通常由失败付出的固定的讼费
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
通常用来修饰另一个名词:
例句:
cost consciousness; cost overruns.
成本意识;成本增量

v.(动词)
cost,cost.ing,costs
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To require a specified payment, expenditure, effort, or loss:
需要花费:需要特定的费用、支出、努力或损失:
例句:
It costs more to live in the city.
在城市居住要付出更多东西

v.tr.(及物动词)
To have as a price.
价钱为:作为价格而具有
To cause to lose, suffer, or sacrifice:
导致失去、受苦或牺牲:
例句:
Participating in the strike cost me my job.
参加罢工而使我失去工作

past tense and past participle costed To estimate or determine the cost of:
过去式和过去分词 costed 估价:估计或决定…价格:
例句:
The accountants costed out our expenses.
付帐人对我们的花费进行了估价


来源:
Middle English
中古英语
from Old French
源自 古法语
from coster [to cost]
源自 coster [花费]
from Latin nst3re [to be fixed, cost] * see constant
源自 拉丁语 nst3re [被固定,估价] *参见 constant

【引伸】
cost.less
adj.(形容词)
cost.lessness
n.(名词)

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